Characteristics of peaches



Peaches are a very popular fruit during the summer months because of their sweet taste, their juicy flesh and their velvety skin. This fruit has been cultivated since ancient times in Asia and was spread through trade routes to Europe and America. Peaches are highly valued for their nutritional properties and their versatility in the kitchen. They can be eaten raw, cooked, in salads, in desserts, in jams, etc.

Characteristics of peaches

Peaches stand out for their yellow or white flesh, their sweet taste and their velvety skin. Regarding their nutritional composition, peaches have high water content, about 87% of their weight, which makes them a very refreshing fruit. They are also rich in vitamin A, an important nutrient for eyesight, the skin and the immune system. They also contain antioxidants such as vitamin C, vitamin E and beta-carotenes, which help protect our body from oxidative damage and to prevent chronic diseases. They also contain potassium, magnesium, iron and phosphorus, which are beneficial for the heart, the muscles and the bones. Moreover, peaches are a very digestible fruit thanks to their high content of fibre and digestive enzymes.

Health benefits of peaches

Peaches are a very healthy fruit thanks to their numerous nutrients and phytochemicals. Some of the most important health benefits of peaches are:

They help our immune system

Peaches are rich in vitamin A and other antioxidants, which have anti-inflammatory properties and stimulate the immune response. These nutrients help to protect our body from free radicals and pathogens that may cause diseases. Moreover, peaches contain digestive enzymes that facilitate the absorption of nutrients and help to remove toxins from the body.

They prevent chronic diseases

Peaches are rich in antioxidants and fibre, two nutrients that have been associated with the prevention of chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes, high blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases. These nutrients help to reduce inflammation, to balance blood sugar, to control blood pressure and to improve the body’s lipid profile.

Improves digestive health

Peaches are a very digestive fruit thanks to their fibre content and digestive enzymes. Fibre helps to improve intestinal transit, prevent constipation and maintain the health of the digestive system in general. Moreover, the digestive enzymes in peaches help break down nutrients and facilitate their absorption by the body.

In addition, peaches also have diuretic properties and can help to prevent fluid retention. This is due to their high potassium content and their low sodium content, which helps to balance fluid levels in the body and reduce inflammation.

Peaches are also a natural source of iron, which makes them a recommended fruit for those who need an extra intake of this mineral in their diet. Iron is essential for the production of red blood cells and for the transport of oxygen in the blood.

Furthermore, peaches may also be beneficial for eyesight, as they contain carotenoids and vitamin A, which are essential for eye health. Carotenoids help to prevent macular degeneration and other age-related eye problems, while vitamin A is necessary to maintain good eyesight.

In conclusion, peaches are a fruit that offers many health benefits. They are an important source of essential nutrients, antioxidants and fibre, which makes them a highly recommended fruit to improve digestive health, prevent cardiovascular diseases, improve skin health and prevent premature ageing. Furthermore, their versatility in the kitchen makes them a very popular ingredient in a wide variety of recipes. For all these reasons, peaches are a fruit that we should include in our daily diet.

Differences among the different types of peaches

Yellow flesh peaches

Yellow flesh peaches are rich in beta-carotenes, which are precursors to vitamin A, and vitamin C. Vitamin A is essential for eye health, skin health and the immune system, whereas vitamin C is important for the health of connective tissues, blood vessels and also the immune system. Moreover, yellow flesh peaches also contain potassium, iron and calcium.

White flesh peaches

Regarding their composition, white flesh peaches are rich in vitamin C and beta-carotene, just like yellow flesh peaches. They are also a source of potassium, phosphorus, iron, and calcium, and their high water content makes them a refreshing fruit that is perfect for hydration during the summer.

Pavia peaches

Pavia peaches are a special variety of peaches whose main characteristics are a smooth skin and a juicy flesh that clings to the bone.

Regarding their nutritional composition, Pavia peaches are rich in carbohydrates, fibre and water. In addition, they are a source of potassium, magnesium, iron and calcium, thus their diuretic and anti-anaemic properties.